Jak se stát politickým subjektem
Engin F. Isin (Queen Mary University of London)
Kontradikce. Časopis pro kritické myšlení III, č. 1 (2019): 159–168
Keywords: Citizensehip, non-citizens, conceptual history
Contradictions presents here a Czech translation of the concluding chapter of Engin F. Isin's book Being Political, where the author summarizes the conclusions of his "genealogy of citizenship." Engin's focus, however, is not on people who are positively defined as citizens; he emphasizes, rather, the ways in which political systems, in defining citizenship, also create non-citizens. These non-citizens, then, become politicized in confrontation with the definitions of citizenship that have excluded them. Isin traces those processes, from the origin of the concept of citizenship in the ancient Greek polis up to the present, by which categories of excluded non-citizens continually raise the demand to participate in the political sphere; in doing so, they change established distributions of power. The principle of citizenship thus appears not only as a principle of democratization and inclusion, but also as a principle of domination and exclusion. The chapter has been translated by Marta Martinová.
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